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BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic skin and soft tissue infections by rapidly growing mycobacteria are described with increasing frequency, especially among immunocompromised patients. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present an immunocompetent patient with extensive Mycobacterium fortuitum skin and soft tissue infections after subcutaneous injections to relieve joint pains by a Vietnamese traditional medicine practitioner. Moreover, we present dilemmas faced in less resourceful settings, influencing patient management. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the pathogenic potential of rapid growing mycobacteria in medical or non-medical skin penetrating procedures, their world-wide distribution and demonstrates the dilemmas faced in settings with fewer resources.

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Infect Dis

Publication Date





Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Humans, Immunocompromised Host, Injections, Subcutaneous, Medicine, Traditional, Middle Aged, Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Skin Diseases, Bacterial, Soft Tissue Infections, Vietnam