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Immunosuppression caused by the non-cytopathic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) (an RNA virus) is mediated by antiviral cytotoxic T cells that destroy LCMV-infected cells, also of the immune system. While this immunopathological destruction of antigen-presenting cells, macrophages and follicular dendritic cells and of some CD4+ T cells causes general immunosuppression and impairs immune response to third party antigens, it also enhances exhaustion/deletion of LCMV-specific CD8+ T-cell responses. LCMV seems in addition to infect neutralizing antibody-producing B cells via the specific receptor; immunopathological LCMV specific CD8+ T-cell-mediated elimination of these infected B cells (but not of uninfected internal virus antigen-specific B cells) causes a highly specific immunosuppression that delays neutralizing antibody responses and thereby enhances virus persistence. Both generalized and specific immunosuppression by CD8+ T-cell-mediated immunopathology may be involved in human infections with HIV, hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1600-065x.1999.tb01300.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Immunol Rev

Publication Date

04/1999

Volume

168

Pages

305 - 315

Keywords

Animals, Humans, Immune Tolerance, Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis, Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, T-Lymphocytes