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CZE and CIEF separation systems, both developed previously for a quality control of two recombinant products of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1a of Betula verrucosa, were validated including aspects of the International Conference on Harmonization. One product contained carbamylated variants as impurities. Linearity of response was confirmed by Mandel's fitting test between 0.028 and 1.90 mg/mL for CZE and between 0.016 and 0.26 mg/mL for CIEF. Repeatability and intermediate precision were evaluated for the effective mobility (mu(eff)) in CZE, for relative mobilization time in CIEF and the peak area ratio of Bet v 1a. LOQ for Bet v 1a was between 10 and 23 microg/mL for both methods. Evaluation of robustness for CZE revealed susceptibility of micro(eff) of Bet v 1a to alterations in of buffer pH and separation temperature. Selectivity was impaired by an increase in temperature, pH, and buffer concentration. In addition, pH variations influenced the separation profile of impurities. For CIEF, the ratio of narrow pH range carrier ampholytes is the critical parameter to retain robustness. Results demonstrate the suitability of both separation systems to discriminate between nonmodified Bet v 1a and carbamylated variants in the selected recombinant allergen products.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





2539 - 2549


Allergens, Antigens, Plant, Betula, Electrophoresis, Capillary, Isoelectric Focusing, Pollen, Recombinant Proteins, Sensitivity and Specificity