QCM/HCC as a platform for detecting the binding of warfarin to an immobilized film of human serum albumin.
Zilberman G., Smith AL.
Quartz crystal microbalance/heat conduction calorimetry (QCM/HCC) is a new measurement technology that has been used to monitor simultaneously the mass and motional resistance of a thin film in conjunction with the heat flow produced by a chemical change in the film initiated by reaction with a gas. In this work we examine the applicability of the QCM/HCC in detecting chemical changes at the solution/thin film interface. Human serum albumin (HSA) was bound to the gold electrode of a 5 MHz AT-cut quartz resonator using three types of linkers and then exposed to buffered solutions of the anticoagulant drug warfarin. Changes in resonator frequency and motional resistance as well as changes in heat flow produced by warfarin binding to HSA were monitored as a function of the warfarin concentration. Differences in frequency and motional resistance changes depend upon the linker and vary both in magnitude and sign, whereas the integrated heat signal is proportional to the concentration of warfarin and independent of the linker chemistry. Quartz crystal microbalance/heat conduction calorimetry can thus be a useful tool for studying protein-ligand interactions at the solution-surface interface, even though the quartz resonator does not behave as a microbalance.