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Understanding the historical, temporal changes of malaria risk following control efforts in Africa provides a unique insight into what has been and might be archived towards a long-term ambition of elimination on the continent. Here, we use archived published and unpublished material combined with biological constraints on transmission accompanied by a narrative on malaria control to document the changing incidence of malaria in Africa since earliest reports pre-second World War. One result is a more informed mapped definition of the changing margins of transmission in 1939, 1959, 1979, 1999 and 2009.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/B978-0-12-394303-3.00010-4

Type

Journal article

Journal

Adv Parasitol

Publication Date

2012

Volume

78

Pages

169 - 262

Keywords

Africa, Animals, Culicidae, Geography, History, 20th Century, History, 21st Century, Humans, Incidence, Malaria, Mosquito Control, Plasmodium, Weather