Transient CD8-memory contraction: a potential contributor to latent cytomegalovirus reactivation.
Campbell J., Trgovcich J., Kincaid M., Zimmerman PD., Klenerman P., Sims S., Cook CH.
It is clear that latent CMV can reactivate in immunocompetent individuals, but the mechanism triggering such reactivations remains unclear. Recent clinical data suggest that reactivation can be subverted by CMV-specific T-memory. We therefore monitored CMV-specific T cells in immunocompetent mice with latent mCMV after a known reactivation trigger (LPS). LPS induced transient systemic contraction of mCMV-specific CD8 memory that was followed by transcriptional reactivation. Subsequent recovery of mCMV-specific T cells coincided with resumption of latency. These data suggest that bacterial antigen encounters can induce transient T-memory contraction, allowing viral recrudescence in hosts latently infected with herpes family viruses.