Clinical Manifestations and Long-term Outcomes of IgG4-Related Kidney and Retroperitoneal Involvement in a United Kingdom IgG4-Related Disease Cohort.
Evans RDR., Cargill T., Goodchild G., Oliveira B., Rodriguez-Justo M., Pepper R., Connolly J., Salama A., Webster G., Barnes E., Culver EL.
Introduction: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a relapsing multisystem fibro-inflammatory disease, which may involve the kidney (IgG4-related kidney disease [IgG4-RKD]) and retroperitoneum (IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis [IgG4-RPF]). The aim of this study was to describe IgG4-RKD and IgG4-RPF in the United Kingdom. Methods: We conducted a retrospective observational study of patients with IgG4-RKD and IgG4-RPF in a multicenter IgG4-RD cohort. Data were collected through review of medical records. We describe clinical parameters at baseline, histological and radiological findings, treatment, and patient outcomes. Results: Of 154 patients with IgG4-RD, 14 (9.1%) had IgG4-RKD, 10 (6.5%) had IgG4-RPF, and 4 (2.6%) had both. Patients were aged 58.2 ± 14.2 years, and 26 (92.9%) were male. Creatinine at presentation was worse in those with intrinsic renal disease (229 μmol/l vs. 110 μmol/l; P = 0.0076). Serum IgG4 was elevated in the majority of patients (87.5%), and hypocomplementemia was present in half of those with IgG4-RKD. Fifteen patients underwent renal biopsy; tubulointerstitial nephritis with abundant IgG4+ plasma cells was the most common finding (n = 14; 93.3%), and 4 (26.7%) patients had membranous nephropathy. Most patients (89.3%) were treated with corticosteroids, and 4 (16.0%) with additional azathioprine as initial management. Thirteen patients (46.4%) relapsed over 60 ± 48 months of follow-up, at median 18 (12-36) months after renal/RPF diagnosis; 61.5% of relapses were in the kidney. Renal function deteriorated in 5 patients (20.8%), including 2 (8.3%) who reached end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Conclusion: IgG4-RKD and IgG4-RPF represent major organ manifestations of IgG4-RD, and should be identified early with prompt treatment to prevent progression to ESRD.