A highly restricted T-cell receptor dominates the CD8+ T-cell response to parvovirus B19 infection in HLA-A*2402-positive individuals.
Kasprowicz V., Isa A., Jeffery K., Broliden K., Tolfvenstam T., Klenerman P., Bowness P.
Six of seven HLA-A*2402-positive individuals with acute parvovirus B19 infections made vigorous CD8-positive cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) responses to the viral epitope FYTPLADQF. All responders showed highly focused T-cell receptor (TCR) usage, using almost exclusively BV5.1. The BV5.1 TCR dominated the acute response, was maintained over time, and was also used by a remotely infected individual. Nine CTL clones and two oligoclonal lines obtained from three unrelated individuals used BV5.1, BJ2.1, and a conserved TCR CDR3 of nine amino acids. This commonly recognized epitope is likely important in long-term protective immunity and should be included in vaccine design.