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We report a case of acute fatal stridor in a patient newly diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. No evidence of direct airway encroachment was identified at autopsy. We review mechanisms by which tuberculosis may cause stridor and discuss the implications of co-existent HIV infection with reference to the recent literature. The report highlights the need for recognition of acute or evolving airway compromise as an uncommon manifestation of tuberculosis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jinf.2005.08.006

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Infect

Publication Date

05/2006

Volume

52

Pages

e147 - e150

Keywords

Adult, Fatal Outcome, Humans, Male, Respiratory Insufficiency, Respiratory Sounds, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary