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City-dwelling children from Kenya who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were tested for coinfection with cytomegalovirus (CMV), human T cell lymphotropic viruses 1 and 2, Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), or hepatitis B, C, and G viruses. All children were found to be coinfected with CMV, whereas 5% had hepatitis G virus coinfection and 15% had KSHV coinfection. A protective role for hepatitis G virus cannot be excluded but likely affects only a minority of HIV-1-infected African children.

Original publication




Journal article


Clin Infect Dis

Publication Date





922 - 924


Africa, Child, Child, Preschool, Cytomegalovirus, Cytomegalovirus Infections, Flaviviridae Infections, GB virus C, HIV Infections, HIV-1, HTLV-I Infections, Hepatitis, Viral, Human, Herpesviridae Infections, Herpesvirus 8, Human, Human T-lymphotropic virus 1, Human T-lymphotropic virus 2, Humans